䢻ѭ ׹ҧ ͹´ԶոҵԨҡͧ

ͧҿص͹ ʴطҧᾷ˹ (orthotics)͡ú ѡ ҷջѭһҧ ҷҴ٭˹ҷҹ 觼šзͤسҾԵШѹͧ仴蹡ѹ ͧҿص͹ ʴطҹкǹá͡Ẻ üԵ ੾繾 ੾лТҧ ੾кؤŵҧ ѹ ͡ûѺ ѭ ͧѹç ᷡ ШҧԴԴҧ ҧѭçѺ Ǵ ӵdz͵ С䡵ҧ Тͧ 繷Һѹ ҷԴ ջѭçᷡ ԴѴǹ蹹鹨СԴѭ觼Ŷ֧ Ǵ 仨֧ѧǹҧ ͧẺٻ 㹷ͧҴշẺº Ẻԧصˡ ԧҳԪ 繪 ٻ ͧѹ͹ ͧҷ ͧҷշش ͧẺ觵Ѵ ੾еҴͧؤ ੾Шԧ еͺʹͧ⨷ ͧ ͧѭҢͧؤŹҧ੾ШóẺҡ աԸաüԵ ҡ çҧ ͧ ˹ѡ Ԩ ٻẺͧ੾§ҹҪվСԨᵡҧѹ͡ ͹ҾԨó кǹüԵ ҧгյ оԶվԶѹء鹵͹ 鹨ҡ ;

-õǨҾ ٻç óͧ ͵ д١ ״ ѧࡵԹ ѭ

- þ Ѵٻç Ѵǹ þŶ١ͧ

- âٻ; ٻ͹ءС ͧҷջѭҤ

- ûѺ ׹Ŵ෤ԤûѺ Ŵ ѡʵ

- ûѺ 觪鹧ҹ㹢鹵͹ͧѺͧ ͨѴçҧҧŵʹ

- õԴûԹ ͡õǨͺšҹ С - Ŵ ͧҢͧ鹧ҹͤʺ¢ͧ лԷҾ٧شͧҹ

úҧͧͧ͵ԡ

͵ԡջªѺء· ҷóẺҡ ᷺·óẺ ͵ԡ§º ѧ»ͧѹѭҷẺẺѺ͹ ˹ҷѡ Ѻçҧջѭʺǡѹ

ҡҹͧѴҤسջѭ (misalignment) ͵ԡҨ繷ҧ͡㹡ѭҡҤسѧࡵҡâ㴢˹觴ѧ仹

  • ͧҢͧسҧ㴢ҧ˹֡;ѧǡաҧ
  • Ѵ ͡ŧ
  • ҡûǴ ѧǹҧѧ
  • Ǵ˹
  • ҺԴ ç
  • ٻçҺԴҴҹ (Feet point inward or outward) ͡ҹ͡
  • ҡ Ǵ ʺ

· ͵ԡ Ҩṡ 4 Ẻ

  1. Ẻѧ蹹 (Functional Orthotics) Ẻǹ駾ͻѺҺdzǹ˹ 䢻ѭҽ ˵آͧͧѺáçᷡҡ͹ ѭ ẹҧعç( excessive pronation) ͽẹ Ҩٴ⻹͡ҧѴ ͽ (supination) ͽ ٧Դ
  2. Ẻͤഷ ( Weight-dispersive or accommodative Orthotics) Ẻ觼ԵҡʴطŴçѹ੾кҧشͧ ǹdzԹҴҹ˹ (metatarsal area). 觪ѡлͧѹҴ㹼äҹ ԡẺЪºҤ纻Ǵçѹdzд١( sesamoid) д١ Tarsal ҷѡʺҴѧ
  3. ẺѾ ( Supportive) ẺѺ»ǨѺйӨҡǪҭ䢻ѭҽһҧ
  4. Ẻ (Early childhood Orthotics) Ẻ੾䢻ѭǹҧ㹡͹ ѡѭҹҡ ѭ ع§Ҵҹ gait plates and night bars ͧͤǺûѺТҢͧ㹵˹觷١ͧз硹͹Ѻ ѧ䢻ѭҡԹ͹ ˹觡Թ§͡͡ Ҵҹ㹵Ƿ١ѡ


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